House, near Bilborow Hill, Marvell wrote his most charming poems of country life and 鏉窞鎸夋懇娌瑰帇鍝噷濂?innocent loves. He compared the hill to the delicately pencilled curve of an eyebrow, and assures “mountains more unjust,” such at the Alps, that they “The Earth deform, and Heaven fright”.
For more than a century any peaked mountain or rocky eminence was reckoned “horrid”.
Marvell made at this time the acquaintance of Milton, who recommended him as acquainted with foreign languages and classical literature for the post of Assistant Secretary: which he obtained in 1657. In the circle 鏉窞娲楁荡妗戞嬁涓績 of Government, Marvell learned to appreciate and was induced to applaud Cromwell on his return from his visit of conquest and massacre to Ireland. This poem contains the familiar and beautiful lines appreciative of the behaviour of Charles I on the scaffold. In 1659-1660 Marvell entered Parliament as Member for Hull: in 1663-1665 he went abroad on 鏉窞姘寸枟浼氭墍鍝濂?various embassies, and, after playing the part of a fierce satirist of the 鏉窞涓濊浼氭墍 sinners of the Restoration, he died on 18 August, 1678.
His prose satires “The Rehearsal Transprosed” and others (1672-1678) were inspired by that terror of a restoration of Catholicism, which flamed up in the cowardly ferocities of Titus Oates’s “Popish Plot”. Though a Catholic in sympathy, Charles II knew well that if he announced his change of religion he would be “sent off on his travels” again; and to travel he was not inclined. The satires of Marvell in verse “we still read,” says Swift, who 鏉窞姹熷共鍖鸿冻娴村簵鍙暘 speaks of the author’s “genius”. It had none of the majesty of Dryden’s nor of Pope’s polish, and Marvell is best known for what is best in his poetry: “The Nymph complaining[Pg 347] for her Fawn”; “The Garden,” which has much of the merit of Milton’s “L’Allegro” 鏉窞spa鎸夋懇缁忓巻 and “Il Penseroso”; “The Mower to the Glowworms,” “Bermudas,” “To His Coy Mistress,” with its charming humour; and “The Definition of Love,” which scarcely maintains the level of its first noble stanza. Such poems on divine subjects as “The Coronet” are reminiscent of Herbert, but less conceited, retaining Marvell’s grace of flowers and gardens.
John Milton, son of a “money-scrivener,” was born in Bread Street, London, on 9 December, 1608. His father, though a Puritan, was in sympathy with literature, and his wealth 鏉窞娌瑰帇鐖借 permitted his son to devote himself, as long as he pleased, to studies of many kinds, and to train himself sedulously for the great poetic task which he deemed himself “born to do”. Milton was thus one of the first of our strictly professional non-dramatic poets,鈥攍ike Shelley, Tennyson, Browning, and Wordsworth鈥攚ho were able to devote themselves deliberately to the cultivation of their genius. Milton never wrote for his livelihood, and, except when he gave himself up to political and theological controversy, he was always preparing himself for the great poem which he was determined to make. He entered at St. Paul’s School in 1620, and thence went to Christ’s College, Cambridge, where his beauty and refined morals won for him the 鏉窞娲楁荡涓€鏉￠緳 name of the Lady of Christ’s. He put on his Master’s gown in 163